A plantation is an agricultural property, usually centered on a plantation house, intended for cultivation that specializes in cash crops, usually with primarily a single crop, of vegetables for eating. with auxiliary fields for and so on.
Plantation crops are high-value commercial crops that play an important role in the agricultural economy and export trade of many developing and developed countries. With the World Trade Organization placing more emphasis on agriculture, the commercial aspects of growing these crops are of great economic importance. Betel nut (supari), cardamom, cashew, cocoa, coconut, coffee, palm oil, rubber and tea are the major crops grown on a plantation scale. Most of these plantation crops are cultivated as monocultures, the exceptions being coconut, betel nut, cocoa and coffee, which are either grown as mono-crops or multiple crops. While tea, cardamom and coffee prefer subtropical conditions, often in shaded conditions, other crops are mostly confined to the tropics. This article gives brief information about growth and development, production systems and agronomy, dissemination of different plantation crops as well as the impact of climate change on crops.